A subtle way for the rich to maintain their social status, while the rest of us struggle


Well, it’s rich.

Research published online Monday in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology found that people from higher social classes tend to think they are better at certain tasks – even when they are not – than their peers in the upper social classes. lower classes. And that overconfidence is often seen by others as a skill, which can help them in situations like job interviews, research reveals.

This research was actually made up of several studies with over 152,000 participants. In the first, the researchers obtained information on class (income, education and perceived social status in society) for 150,000 small business owners in Mexico who applied for loans; they were given a cognitive matching test and asked how they behaved. People with more education, higher income and higher social class had the “exaggerated” belief that they performed better, the researchers found.

Another study, conducted online with more than 1,400 participants, came to a similar conclusion: In a trivia test, people from the upper social class thought they did better than others, even when they didn’t. did not.

And that could have real implications for the jobs people get – or don’t get – according to another study. In it, the researchers asked participants to answer trivial questions and found that those from a higher social class thought they did better, even though on average they weren’t. But what’s more, when participants in this study were then asked to do a mock job interview that was videotaped, those from upper social classes seemed more confident, and the judges watching the video then rated these. same people as more competent.

“People from a relatively higher social class were more confident, which in turn was associated with being seen as more competent and ultimately more hiring, even though, on average, they weren’t better on the job test. trivia than their lower-class counterparts, ”said senior researcher Peter Belmi, of the University of Virginia.

The implications of this research could be far-reaching: “Our research suggests that social class shapes the attitudes people have about their abilities and this, in turn, has important implications for how class hierarchies carry on from generation to generation, ”Belmi mentioned.

And this is far from the only study showing that confident people get benefits. Indeed, numerous studies show that, at least in the world of sport, confidence can really help with performance. Other studies show that it can improve academic performance as well.

The good news? There are ways for everyone to build their self-confidence. “There are many ways to feel confident – exercising, writing affirmations, and even helping others can make us feel good about ourselves,” Belmi told MarketWatch. “To appear confident, try to talk more when you are in social groups; and when speaking, take your time, be calm and relaxed, and use a factual voice tone. Try to avoid hesitating when speaking. Stand up straight and use your body to take up space. And this Entrepreneur article also offers some great tips on the topic, including learning to reframe your thoughts about yourself into positive ones and changing your expectations so that you learn to expect positive things to happen.

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